Sketches and Fragments for Cadenza to Piano Concerto op. 19, Hess 79

Sketches and Fragments for Cadenza to Piano Concerto op. 19, Hess 79
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Author: Mark S. Zimmer
Length: 4:24
Sketches and Fragments for Cadenza to Piano Concerto op. 19, Hess 79 (1792-1796). These collected fragments and scraps are for the cadenza to the original version of the B-flat Piano Concerto, op. 19. While they do not form a coherent whole, there are relatively long stretches which give us an indication of what Beethoven's thoughts were regarding this cadenza. These fragments are all found in the Kafka Miscellany in the British Museum. There are three principal fragments which, according to Joseph Kerman, belong to two different cadenzas. The first and earlier cadenza is found on Kafka pages 89 and 46; they are both on the same kind of paper which was used in 1792 and 1793, and likely contemporaneous. The other cadenza is found on Kafka 45. We give Kafka 89 first, then Kafka 46, following Kerman's reading in his 1970 transcription of the Kafka Miscellany. The third chunk is found on Kafka 45, and as Kerman notes, is probably for a distinct cadenza. It is on a different paper which has been dated to about 1793-1796. As we did on the MIDI file for the sketches to the op. 15 concerto (Hess 76), the three chunks are separated by five empty measures lasting ten seconds. Places where Beethoven has written "u.s.w." (etc.) are indicated by a two-measure gap; double bars or other obvious breaks in continuity are indicated by a single empty bar. In two places in the second chunk on Kafka 46, Beethoven has marked Adagio; a third place was marked Recitative. While there is an a tempo marking, the other tempos are purely conjectural.

Opus: 19
Hess: 79


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