BEETHOVEN 200 YEARS AGO TODAY: Sunday, August 17, 1823

Portrait of Ludwig I (1753-1830) by Johann Heinrich Schmidt (b.1757), late 18th century.

Today, Ludwig I, the Grand Duke of Hesse, having at last received his subscription copy of the Missa Solemnis score, approves payment to Beethoven of the 50 promised ducats by his ambassador in Vienna, Herr Ferdinand Türckheim.